Grammar

Functionally, Necanic comes in two forms: Archaic (No cases) and Common (Cases). Common is used more often, but Archaic is more formal, used more by the Primarchs, etc. Common grammar is not too dissimilar from Latin, in that many prepositions are dropped and replaced with cases, though word order is different. Both forms use subject-verb-object, as in English. The predicate nominative (when a noun is used to complete another noun, such as “Charlie is my son,” is extant in Common, in which both nouns would be in the Nominative. Archaic uses context and prepositions to do most of the work done by cases in Common.

In this first edition, all nouns will be grouped into a single declension, and the only modification of the noun will be to add the case suffix. However, although most of the examples here are in Common, some phrases will be in Archaic, and the Fuilekom Mhirderasam is in Archaic, despite the title being in Common. The title in Archaic is “Fuile kov Mhirdera.”

When indirectly referring to an individual or group, the suffix is “-im,” when referring to a specific individual or group, the suffix is “-um.” An example: “Maurimvam su baerir” translates as “some warrior goes,” whereas “Maurumvam su baerir” is “that (specific) warrior goes.”

On Pronouns:

Necanic has quite a few cases more than say, Latin, but don’t let that scare you! They are for very specific ideas and phrases. For the sake of simplicity, they will only be listed here for now, with phrase examples to come in the future.

Pronouns indicate who is doing the object, and when, in Necanic. In Common, a noun is always paired with its “particle,” or the pronoun, to then indicate what it is doing if it is paired with a verb. For example, the phrase “Talenumvam su maur” – “The hero does battle.” The particle “su” gives us the tense of the action, and its position between the noun and verb indicates that it is being performed by that noun.

Cases in Necanic:

  • Nominative – subject of sentence – vam
  • Accusative – direct object of action – sam
  • Dative – for/by (a time) /to something (indirect object) – nam
  • Ablative – by/with/from (out of)/about something (Adjectival) – kam
  • Genitive – “of” something/possession (From a place, or possessive) – kom
  • Locative – out/in/during – mom
  • Instrumental – with/and – dam

Tenses: There are only these six tenses in Necanic.

  • (Perfect) Past: -e
  • Present: -u
  • Future: -i
  • Imperfect: -ed
  • Pluperfect: -ek
  • Future Perfect: -ik

Pronoun stems:

  • I: R-
  • You: I-
  • We: Y-
  • They (singular): S-
  • They (Plural): T-
  • It: V-

Examples below are in Common Necanic. However, most of the other examples will be in archaic, as the majority of written Necanic works are in Archaic. Think of Common Necanic as being more spoken, and Archaic being more written.

  • Interrogative: Signified by “llyu” particle at the end of a statement.

Ex: “Tuvam weigh Necanecum” – They (singular) are Necanecum

“Tuvam weigh Necanecum llyu” Are they (singular) Necanecum?

  • Exclamatory: Signified by “Dyli” particle at end of statement.

Ex: “Tuvam weigh Necanecum” – They (singular) are Necanecum

     “Tuvam weigh Necanecum dyli” – They (singular) are Necanecum!

The imperative mood is the only mood beyond indicative, and is shown simply by the particle “Hed” for single, and “Hedyr” for plural. It will always be paired with some pronoun, usually (but not always) in the present (-u) tense. For example, “Hed iu baerir” is “you must go (singular)” whereas “Hedyr iu baerir” is “you (all) must go.” Similarly, one could say “Hed ru baerir,” meaning “I must go,” or “Hedyr tu baerir” as “They (plural) must go.” 

Here is an example declension of the “I” pronoun in Archaic, simply showing tense.

Re – I (Perfect past)  Red – I (Imperfect)

Ru – I (Present)         Rek – I (Pluperfect

Ri – I (Future)            Rik – I (Future Perfect)

 

So, combining all the previous steps, for Common pronoun declension, we have the following formula:

Stem + Tense + Case = Pronoun

In the case of Archaic, you simply have Stem + Tense = Pronoun

On verbs:

Verbs are conjugated by the pronoun particle, and are always paired with a noun. They will never be modified, and almost all verbs end in -ir or -ur. To create a noun out of a verb (“someone who does x verb”), you simply add -im or -um (for indirect versus specific) to the verb. An example is to make the noun “warrior” from the verb “to battle;” maur becomes maurum.

On adjectives:

In Common, adjectives will be declined accordingly with their paired noun, as in “Maurumvam talamangvam” is “The great warrior.”

In Archaic, they will function much as they do in English.

Necanic: Obeiatovumvam, Almetdamyr, Somnierael ken Vialanieriel. Uiarvam, Uiarbhohiemdam, vum sverir Uiarvoinamyr.

Translation: The Library, of the Librarians, Somnierael (Dark Librarian) and Vialanieriel (Light Librarian). Time, of Uiarbhohiem, who weaves the time-paths (time-streams).

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